Fond Memories of Köie Street

Author: Tania Lestal The district of Kalamaja was long regarded as home for my family. My grandfather Alexander Lestal (born 1921) grew up there and was surrounded by family who lived nearby. His cousin Ralf Lesthal (grandfather of Andrei Nazarov) lived in Graniidi Street and his cousins Dorothea and Karl Niggul lived at Köie 1a-1.…

Carlsberg Foundation 14: Unexpected allies? Negotiations on an alliance against Novgorod between Christopher of Bavaria and the Teutonic Order in Livonia

By Mihkel Mäesalu and Stefan Pajung In the Autumn of 1443, the Teutonic knights in Livonia launched an attack on their eastern neighbour, the Russian principality of Novgorod. The charge was led by the young lord Gerhard von Kleve, count of Mark in Westphalia, whose interpreter had been murdered in 1438 when he was travelling…

Carlsberg Foundation 13: A gift worthy of a king…

Stefan Pajung and Mihkel Mäesalu Now that the Christmas time is upon us, we thought we best share a story with you, which involves kind of a gift – and a substantial at that. Most of our readers, even if they only know little about the general history of Danish Estonia, have heard of or…

Carlsberg Foundation 11: Not through the sword – but by the law

by Stefan Pajung and Mihkel Mäesalu A few blog posts back, we dealt with Valdemar Atterdag and whether he planned to regain Estonia after he had reunited the rest of the Danish kingdom. In it, we mentioned that Valdemar in 1355 had petitioned the pope to undo the cession of Estonia, but that the pope…

Carlsberg Fellowship 9: The Return of the King

By Stefan Pajung & Mihkel Mäesalu It is well-known that the Danish king Valdemar Atterdag sold Estonia to the Teutonic Order in 1346. But did he ever have plans to reclaim Estonia afterwards? When Danish historian William Mollerup wrote his book on Denmark’s relationship with Livonia in 1880, he categorically denied that such plans existed,…